We believe our understanding of the Quran and Sunnah will keep
evolving to address modern day challenges and we hope to revise this
work in the years to come.




Names of the Prophets

Throughout this work, we have used the Arabic names of the Prophets. Although not all of the Prophets (AS) have been referred in this work, we are quoting below their Arabic names for reference purposes.

Adam, Idris (Enoch), Nuh (Noah), Hud (Heber), Saleh (Methusaleh), Lut (Lot), Ibrahim (Abraham), Ismail (Ishmael), Ishaq (Isaac), Yaqub (Jacob), Yusuf (Joseph), Shuaib (Jethro), Ayyub (Job), Dhulkifl (Ezekiel), Musa (Moses), Harun (Aaron), Dawud (David), Sulayman (Solomon), Ilyas (Elias), Alyasa (Elisha), Yunus (Jonah), Zakariya (Zachariah), Yahya (John the Baptist), Isa (Jesus) and Muhammad (ﷺ).

Islamic honorifics

Although this work quotes the Holy Quran and Sunnah a lot, we have avoided the use of transliterations to make this work accessible to all.

The honorific Arabic phrase (ﷺ) is transliterated as Sallallahou Alayhe Wasallam which means “May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him”. This phrase is used in this work only for the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ). At some places, it is used after his name while at others, the phrase is used when the text refers to him as the Messenger of Allah or simply as the Prophet.

For other Prophets, we have used the abbreviation of AS, a short form of Alayhi s-Salām (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ), which translates as “peace be upon him.

For the companions of the Prophet (ﷺ), we have used the abbreviation of RA, a short form of Radeyallāhu ′Anhu  (رضي الله عنه) which translates as “May Allah be pleased with him”. For female companions, the Arabic phrase is Radeyallāhu ′Anha (رضي الله عنها) which essentially means “May Allah be pleased with her”.


Notes about Major Sources

The work is based on intensive references from the Holy Quran. The Arabic text is taken from the online Quran App, created by the King Saud University, Saudi Arabia. https://quran.ksu.edu.sa/. Each new verse starts with a new line.

The English translation in the proposed Islamic Labour Code is that of Dr Muhammad Tahirul Qadri. It is known as Irfan-ul-Quran. (https://www.irfan-ul-quran.com/english/index.html)

For a couple of verses, we have taken the translation from “the Noble Quran, A translation into modern English language by Dr. Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din Al-Hilali, Ph.D. & Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan. (https://noblequran.com/) and Tafheem ul Quran by Maulana Maudoodi.

While referring to Quranic verses, the number of Quranic surahs is mentioned first and then the verse. For example, the reference (17:15) indicates that it refers to verse 15 of Surah 17.

The hadith books used in this work are as follows. In most of the cases, hadith numbers, Arabic text and the translations are taken from the Sunnah.com (https://sunnah.com/).

 Note: While due care has been exercised in quoting the verses of Quran and excerpts from Hadith, there might still be some mistakes. Please let us know of any mistakes that you may come across and we will try to fix it in the online edition asap and in the next print edition whenever it is published.

Sihah e Sitta (The Authentic Six of Hadith)

  1. Sahih Bukhari of Muhammad al-Bukhari (d. 870 AD / 256 AH)
  2. Sahih Muslim of Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj (d. 875 AD / 261 AH)
  3. Sunan Ibn Majah of Ibn Majah (d. 887 AD / 273 AH)
  4. Sunan Abi Dawud of Abu Dawood (d. 889 AD / 275 AH)
  5. Jami` at-Tirmidhi of Al-Tirmidhi (d. 892 AD / 279 AH)
  6. Sunan an-Nasa’i (d. 915 AD / 303 AH)

Primary Hadith Collections

  1. Al-Muwatta of Imam Malik ibn Anas (d. 795 AD)
  2. Musnad al-Shafi’i of Imam Shafi‘i (d. 820 AD)
  3. Musannaf of Abd al-Razzaq of ‘Abd ar-Razzaq as-San‘ani (d. 826 AD)
  4. Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah of Ibn Abi Shaybah (d. 849 AD)
  5. Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal of Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (d. 855 AD)
  6. Al-Adab al-Mufrad of Muhammad al-Bukhari (d. 870 AD)
  7. Musnad al-Bazzar of Abu Bakr Ahmad al-Bazzar (d. 905 AD)
  8. Musnad Abu Ya’la of Abu Ya’la al-Musali (d. 919 AD)
  9. Sahih Ibn Hibban of Ibn Hibban (d. 965 AD)
  10. Al-Mu’jam al-Kabeer by al-Tabarani (d. 970 AD)
  11. Sunan al-Daraqutni of Al-Daraqutni (d. 995 AD)
  12. Shuab ul Iman of Al-Bayhaqi (d. 1066 AD)
  13. Sunan al-Kubra and Sunan al-Wusta of Al-Bayhaqi (d. 1066 AD)


Secondary Hadith Collections

  1. Musnad al-Firdous of Abu Mansur Al-Dailami (d. 1162 AD)
  2. At-Targhib wat-Tarhib of Al-Munzhiri (d. 1258 AD)
  3. Riyadh as-Saaliheen of Yahya ibn Sharaf al-Nawawi (d. 1277 AD)
  4. Mishkat al-Masabih by Khatib Al-Tabrizi (d. 1340 AD)
  5. Majma al-Zawa’id by Ali ibn Abu Bakr al-Haythami (d. 1404 AD)
  6. Bulugh al-Maram by Ibn Hajar Asqalani (d. 1448 AD)
  7. Kanz al-Ummal by Ali ibn Abd-al-Malik al-Hindi (d. 1567 AD)

Shia Hadith Collections

  1. Kitab al Kafi by Muhammad ibn Yaqub al-Kulayni (d. 941 AD)
  2. Man La Yahḍuruhu al-Faqih by al-Shaykh al-Saduq (d. 991 AD)
  3. Tahdhib al-Ahkam by Shaykh Tusi (d. 1067 AD)
  4. Al-Istibsar by Shaykh Tusi (d. 1067 AD)
  5. Bihar al-Anwar by Mohammad-Baqer Majlesi (d. 1699 AD)